IVF Patient Education


Dr. Singh Test Tube Baby Centre


    Hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography (usually shortened toHyCoSy) is a simple and well-tolerated outpatient ultrasound procedure used to assess the patency of the fallopian tubes, as well as detect abnormalities of the uterus and endometrium.

    Hydro hysterosonography:

    Hysterosonography, which is also called sonohysterography, is a new noninvasive technique that involves the slow infusion of sterile saline solution into a woman's uterus during ultrasound imaging. Hysterosonography allows the doctor to evaluate abnormal growths inside the uterus; abnormalities of the tissue lining the uterus (the endometrium); or disorders affecting deeper tissue layers. Hysterosonography does not require either radiation or contrast media, or invasive surgical procedures

    Sion test:

    Sonosalpingography (SSG), also known as Sion test, is a diagnostic procedure primarily used for evaluating patency of fallopian tubes. It was introduced as a screening procedure for infertility investigations. It is becoming more popular among practitioners due to absence of side effects.

    Ovarian torsion:

    Ovarian torsion is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain in females, but it is a gynecologic emergency - diagnostic delay can result in loss of the ovary. The ovary, and often the fallopian tube as well (adnexal torsion) become twisted around their vascular pedicle.


    Ejaculation is the discharge of semen (usually carrying sperm) from the male reproductory tract. It usually occurs during an orgasm. It is usually the final stage and natural objective of male sexual stimulation, and an essential component of natural conception. In rare cases, ejaculation occurs because of prostatic disease. Ejaculation may also occur spontaneously during sleep (a nocturnal emission or "wet dream").

    Blastocyst Hatching:

    Hatching is a phenomenon seen with embryos developing outside the body. Under natural conditions inside the body, the zona is believed to degenerate and disappear after the embryo reaches the uterine cavity and prepares to implant.

    Label Key:

    1. zona pellucida 2. embryo escaping from the zona (called hatching) 3. blastocyst cavity 4. perivitelline space


    Fetoscopy is an endoscopic procedure during pregnancy to allow access to the fetus, the amniotic cavity, the umbilical cord, and the fetal side of the placenta. A small (3–4 mm) incision is made in the abdomen, and an endoscope is inserted through the abdominal wall and uterus into the amniotic cavity.

    Fetoscopy is a procedure that is carried out on pregnant women with the help of a fetoscope. A fetoscope is a thin and flexible medical apparatus. It carries out an endoscopic pregnancy test. The fetoscope is inserted into the uterus through an incision made in the stomach. An ultra sound is required when carrying out a fetoscopy. It ensures that the doctor can see where the incision is being carried out to avoid harming the baby and also how the fetoscope is moving in the womb. Fetoscopy is used to judge progress of the pregnancy or treat any abnormalities. The Amniocentesis procedure is another procedure that offers information during the prenatal period of the status of the fetus.