Test and Treatment for Women Patient


Dr. Singh Test Tube Baby Centre

Test and Treatment for Women Patient:


At our Centre for Reproductive Medicine, we strive to determine the best solution for your fertility issues. Sometimes that solution is simple, requiring no high tech interventions. On other occasions, all of the technology at our disposal will be available to you. Not every patient will need IVF. Our task to evaluate your situation carefully and recommend appropriate treatment. We will start the process with you and have the resources to move therapy forward as required. The following is a list of preliminary tests and treatments.


Controlled Ovarian Stimulation:

Controlled stimulation of follicles to produce multiple eggs.

Endometrial Biopsy:

A sampling of the inside lining of the uterus. This is then analyzed for implantation defects, hormonal status or infection.

Diagnostic Cycle Monitoring:

Non-medicated monitoring of a patient’s cycle through a combination of hormonal blood tests and ultrasounds, which are used to give a biological profile of a patient’s ovulation status.

Genetic (Inherited) Counselling:

A trained geneticist, to discuss a potential genetic abnormality or prospects for a genetic abnormality.

Hystersalpingogram (HSG):

X-ray evaluation of uterine shape and fallopian tubes’ status. This test involves injecting x-ray dye into the uterus.

Diagnostic Laparoscopy Through Associated Physician:

Diagnostic assessment of a patient’s internal abdominal organs. This test involves the insertion of a thin diagnostic scope through the umbilicus (belly button).

Pelviscopy/Operative Laparoscopy Through Associated Physicians:

Whereby if pathology (disease) is noted at the time of laparoscopy, it is treated during that operative session.

Hysteroscopy Through Associated Physicians:

Diagnostic vaginal procedure to examine the inside of the uterus, most often used to treat pathology in the uterine cavity. Hysteroscopy is usually performed under general anesthetic using an endoscope.

Management Of Recurrent Fetal Loss (Miscarriage):

Evaluation and treatment of recurrent miscarriage.


Uses ultrasound to evaluate the inside of the uterine cavity. Involves the injection of saline solution into the cavity of the uterus.

Tubal Microsurgery Through Associated Physicians:

Repair of either damaged or sterilized fallopian tubes. This procedure is done by microscopic surgery.


Female Fertility Conditions :

Age for female fertility:

Age is the most important factor affecting a woman's chance to conceive and have a healthy child. As women age their fertility declines. A woman's fertility starts to decline in her early 30s, with the decline speeding up after 35. At 40 a woman only has a 5% chance of becoming pregnant in any month.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in women.Signs and symptoms of PCOS include irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, difficulty getting pregnant, and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin. Associated conditions include type 2 diabetes, obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, mood disorders, and endometrial cancer.

Uterine Fibroids:

Uterine fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas or fibroids, are benign smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. Most women have no symptoms while others may have painful or heavy periods. If large enough, they may push on the bladder causing a frequent need to urinate. They may also cause pain during sex or lower back pain. A woman can have one uterine fibroid or many of them. Occasionally, fibroids may make it difficult to get pregnant, although this is uncommon.

The exact cause of uterine fibroids is unclear. However, fibroids run in families and appear to be partly determined by hormone levels. Risk factors include obesity and eating red meat. Diagnosis can be performed by pelvic examination or medical imaging.


Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue that normally grows inside the uterus (endometrium) grows outside it. Most often this is on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and tissue around the uterus and ovaries; however, in rare cases it may also occur in other parts of the body. The main symptoms are pelvic pain and infertility. Nearly half of those affected have chronic pelvic pain, while in 70% pain occurs during menstruation. Pain during sex is also common. Infertility occurs in up to half of women affected. Less common symptoms include urinary or bowel symptoms. About 25% of women have no symptoms. Endometriosis can have both social and psychological effects.

Blocked Fallopian Tubes:

Fallopian Tube obstruction  is a major cause of female infertility. Blocked fallopian tubes are unable to let the ovum and the sperm converge, thus making fertilization impossible. Fallopian Tubes are also known as oviducts, uterine tubes, and salpinges (singular salpinx).


Micarriage, also known as spontaneous obortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently. Some use the cutoff of 20 weeks of gestation after which fetal death is known as a stillbirth. The most common symptoms of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding with or without pain. Sadness, anxiety and guilt may occur. Tissue or clot-like material may also come out of the vagina.